The population in 2001 was 63,681 Stafford means 'ford' by a 'staithe' (landing place).
The original settlement was on dry sand and gravel peninsula that provided a strategic crossing point in the marshy valley of the River Sow, a tributary of the River Trent.
She and her younger brother King Edward the Elder of Wessex, both children of King Alfred the Great and Ealhswith, wife of Æthelred, ealdorman of the Angles of Mercia, were attempting to complete their father King Alfred the Great's programme of unifying England into a single kingdom.
Æthelflæd was a formidable military leader and tactician, and she sought to protect and extend the northern and western frontiers of her overlordship of Mercia against the Danish Vikings, by fortifying burhs, including Tamworth and Stafford in 913, and Runcorn on the River Mersey in 915 among others, while King Edward the Elder concentrated on the east, wresting East Anglia and Essex from the Danes.
Anglo-Saxon women could play powerful roles in society; Æthelflæd's death effectively ended the relative independence of Mercia.
Edward the Elder of Wessex took over her fortress at Tamworth and accepted the submission of all who were living in Mercia, both Danish and English.
He stayed for three days at the Ancient High House.The town was later captured by the Parliamentarians, while a small-scale battle was fought at nearby Hopton.Stafford later fell to the Parliamentarians, as did Stafford Castle, following a six-week siege.At around this time the county of Staffordshire was formed. In 1069, a rebellion by Eadric the Wild against the Norman conquest culminated in the Battle of Stafford.Two years later another rebellion, this time led by Edwin, Earl of Mercia, culminated in Edwin's assassination.