These developmental shifts, Garcia's systematic review of the literature suggests, is one of the factors driving the increase in hookups, a "popular cultural change that has infiltrated the lives of emerging adults throughout the Western world." The review shows that hookups are becoming increasingly normative among young adults and adolescents in North America and have taken root throughout the Western world, which represents a notable shift in how casual sex is perceived and accepted.
Garcia and others have noted that the "past decade has witnessed an explosion in interest in the topic of hookups, both scientifically and in the popular media.
It was reported that a little over 59% of college students have sex once per week.
A little over 31% reported to having at least one sexual partner per year, and about 50% said that they have had more than two sexual partners since the age of 18.
A hookup culture is one that accepts and encourages casual sexual encounters, including one-night stands and other related activity, without necessarily including emotional bonding or long-term commitment.
Adolescents, emerging adults, men and women engage in hookups for a variety of reasons, which may range from instant physical gratification, to fulfillment of emotional needs, to using it as a means of finding a long-term romantic partner.
The term "hooking up", meaning an instance of casual sex, differs from hook up culture.
What does it mean when one uses the phrase "hooking up"?Perceptions of "frat boys" and how this stereotype seems to be the typical male how only pursues women to have sexual relations.Many female college students explained how the "frat boy" perfectly embodies the persona of a sex driven male.During the twenty-first century paid sex was not considered to belong to the category of casual sex; however, in the 1900s-1930s there was more to paid sex than simply the exchange of money–it was a contact between humans without the ties of a relationship.Technological advancements such as the automobile and movie theaters brought young couples out of their parents' homes, and out from their watchful eyes, giving them more freedom and more opportunity to engage in sexual activity.